Mathematician Job Description

Mathematicians tackle tough problems in mathematics and other fields like physics, engineering or finance.

person facing computer desktop

Mathematicians are responsible for tackling the toughest problems in mathematics and other disciplines like physics, engineering and finance. They search for solutions that don't necessarily exist, using only a pencil, paper, computer and their mind!


A mathematician is someone who knows how to deal with numbers, whether or not they can use them in day-to-day situations. They are responsible for finding new solutions and work to create problems that don't yet exist, in an effort to find new solutions.


Mathematicians use a variety of tools during the actual process of working on their project(s) and solving problems. These include computer programs, graphing calculators, pencils and paper, formulas, data sets, and previously solved problems.


Mathematicians work in a wide range of areas, including research and development for manufacturing companies, scientific research for health-related projects like vaccines or the cure for AIDS, financial analysis to keep investors informed about potential stock trends. Mathematicians who work in academia might even teach at the university level.


It is important for mathematicians to stay up-to-date on the latest developments in math and other related areas, so they are constantly searching online for articles, newsworthy events or even blogs about new discoveries in their field of work.


Mathematicians need to have excellent critical and analytical thinking abilities in order to accept a given problem, explore the various possibilities, and then narrow down their solution options to solve that problem in the most effective way. They must also be able to work quickly with high accuracy while staying focused on their work for long periods of time.


We are seeking a mathematician with an eye for detail, knowledgeable in statistics, reliable under pressure and adept at meeting deadlines.


Math majors should have strong abilities to reason and calculate. They should be able to work with practical problems affecting government, science, engineering or business, and they need the ability to construct viable arguments. Math majors should also have strong reasoning skills as well as the ability criticize others' reasoning skills.


Mathematician Responsibilities:

  • Expand mathematical knowledge by developing new principles.
  • Recognize previously unknown relationships between mathematical principles.
  • Create models to resolve practical problems in fields such as business, engineering and science.
  • Develop computational methods and computer codes.
  • Compare inferences derived from models with observations or experiments.
  • Develop new mathematical theories, concepts and rules in areas such as algebra and geometry.
  • Use theories to solve problems in science, business and engineering.
  • Decide what data is required to answer specific questions or problems.
  • Interpret data and report conclusions from this analysis.
  • Use data to support and improve business decisions.

Mathematician Requirements:

  • Bachelors degree in mathematics or related (essential).
  • 2 years of work experience as a mathematician (essential).
  • Expert experience in mathematical and statistical modeling.
  • Sound understanding of mathematical principles.
  • Ability to develop mathematical models.
  • Ability to provide support for mathematical queries.
  • Ability to research and develop new tools and processes.
  • Automate and streamline processes.
  • Build generic solutions to improve the accuracy of future math solutions.
  • Analytical thinker with strong conceptual and problem-solving skills.
  • Meticulous attention to detail with the superb organizational skills.
  • Ability to work under pressure and meet tight deadlines.
  • Ability to work independently and as part of a team.
  • Excellent communication and IT skills.

Statistics on Mathematicians

  • Overall employment of mathematicians and statisticians is projected to grow 33 percent from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. (
  • Mathematicians work for: Federal government 40%, Professional, scientific, and technical services 26%. (
  • The lowest 10 percent earned less than $61,130, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $170,150. (

Articles On Mathematicians


Mathematician - Wikipedia (


Mathematicians and Statisticians: Occupational Outlook Handbook: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 

Mathematicians and statisticians analyze data and apply computational techniques to solve problems. (


Mathematicians (


Mathematician A mathematician can be anyone from your middle school algebra teacher to a computer programmer. Some mathematicians primarily... (


Mathematician Salary - The average salary for a Mathematician is $72,254. (


Mathematicians at My Next Move (

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