Physician Job Description

A physician or simply doctor is a person who helps people by studying and treating sickness or injury. Doctors often specialize, like one might say "I am a pediatrician" which means they treat small children. But there are many different types of doctors that can help you.

woman standing under tree

Nearly all medical practitioners are physicians or in varying degrees of training or specialization. Physicians may be specialized by the area of expertise, for example (although not exclusively) surgery, psychiatry, or radiology; by type of license to practice; by the organ system they have specialised in; or by whether they work with adults, children, and/or expectant mothers. In all countries they are subject to professional regulation, and must pass medical exams to be licensed for the work.


The term physician is used to refer either to a medical practitioner or to a doctor  who holds the professional degree of Doctor in Medicine. In most countries, the title of Physician is legally protected by law; accordingly, it may only be used by physicians with an appropriate medical degree.


Physicians work in many areas of medicine and surgery, spending much of their time diagnosing and treating disease. Physicians may also undertake specialised training in particular fields such as cardiology or oncology. The work load for a physician's career is extremely variable depending on the number of patients he/she sees daily, the level of responsibility he/she handles at his/her place of work, and the level of research he/she is involved in.


In general, physicians are highly respected and trusted by members of society who seek their expertise in medical matters and to address health-related concerns. While there are many  physicians who take a great deal of pride in serving the needs  of their patients, there are also more than a few who abuse the trust placed in them and engage in fraud or misconduct.

Statistics on Physicians


  • According to a study of male physicians, life expectancy is slightly higher for physicians (73 years for white and 69 years for black) than lawyers or many other highly educated professionals. (
  • In Europe, as of 2009 the health systems are governed according to various national laws, and can also vary according to regional differences similar to the United States. (
  • Overall employment of physicians and surgeons is projected to grow 4 percent from 2019 to 2029, about as fast as the average for all occupations. (
  • The projected percent change in employment from 2019 to 2029. (
  • The average growth rate for all occupations is 4 percent. (
  • Growth Rate (Projected) The percent change of employment for each occupation from 2019 to 2029. (
  • The projected percent change in employment from 2019 to 2029. (
  • Provided a 3.75% increase in MPFS payments for CY 2021 (
  • Suspended the 2% payment adjustment (sequestration) through March 31, 2021 (

Articles On Physicians


Physician - Wikipedia (


What Is a Physician? - Physicians, also known as doctors, are medical professionals who diagnose and treat patients. Learn more about what physicians do, their education, and when to see them. (


Physician - Career Rankings, Salary, Reviews and Advice

Find out more about the average physician salary and learn where the best- paying metropolitan areas are for a physician across the country. (


Physicians and Surgeons : Occupational Outlook Handbook: : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Physicians and surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses and address health maintenance. (


Definition of PHYSICIAN

A person skilled in the art of healing; specifically: one educated, clinically experienced, and licensed to practice medicine as usually…  (


Physician Fee Schedule (


Physician Center (



American Academy of Family Physicians represents 134,600 family physicians, residents, & students, providing advocacy, education, patient & practice resources. (


Impact of physician BMI on obesity care and beliefs - PubMed

Using a national cross-sectional survey of 500 primary care physicians conducted between 9 February and 1 March 2011, the objective of this study was to assess the impact of physician BMI on obesity care, physician self-efficacy, perceptions of role-modeling weight-related health behaviors, and perc... (


Physician Program

Through the Alien Physician program foreign physicians participate in U.S. graduate medical education programs or training at accredited U.S. schools of medicine.



New Findings Confirm Predictions on Physician Shortage

The United States will see a shortage of up to nearly 122,000 physicians by 2032 as demand for physicians continues to grow faster than supply. (


U.S. physician shortage growing

A new AAMC study projects a shortfall of up to 139,000 physicians by 2033. Among the factors: older patients and retiring doctors. (


Additional Resources on Physicians


The following is a list of resources available for physicians, other healthcare professionals, patients and others interested in physician assistants.

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