Surgeon Job Description

A surgeon is a medical doctor who helps diagnose and treat patients through invasive surgical operations.

doctor having operation

Surgeons are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and injuries through invasive surgical procedures. There is a high degree of risk involved with surgery; but surgeons help to reduce this by following strict precautionary measures, sterile techniques and maintaining an extremely clean environment. During the operation, if procedure goes wrong then patient life is at risk. But the surgeon faces risk as he cannot predict the complications which may appear during or after surgery.


To become surgeon one must complete a bachelor’s degree program in biology, chemistry, or another field of science that is related to medicine. After completion of bachelors degree, one should complete an undergraduate medical school program to earn MD or DO degree. Then to be able to perform surgery he/she has to complete 3 years of internship which is followed by 4 years of residency in general surgery. After these 5 to 8 years, one can become a certified surgeon. Surgeons are further specialized into different areas of surgery either in general, cardiovascular or brain.


Average salary for surgeons depend upon various factors such as location, experience and medical specialty. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, surgeons earned an average salary of $189,600 per year in 2010 for general surgeons and $230,140 for surgical specialists such as cardiothoracic or neurological surgeons.


According to the U.S. Department of Labor, surgeons who are employed at the federal government agencies earn more than other surgeons across all medical specialties.


The main job duty of surgeons is to diagnose and treat different disease conditions through invasive surgical procedures. A surgeon has good analytical skills as he has to deal with many different health conditions. He must be a very organized person as he has to collaborate and communicate with other health care practitioners, medical staff, patients’ family members, assistants and insurance reps for successful completion of operations. Surgeons are mainly responsible for the welfare of his patient and should do everything possible to minimize the risk involved in surgery.

Statistics on Surgeons


  • The demand for specialized surgeons is significant according to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), with a projected shortage of up to 28,700 surgeons in the US by 2033. (
  • Overall employment of physicians and surgeons is projected to grow 4 percent from 2019 to 2029, about as fast as the average for all occupations. (

Articles On Surgeons


Surgeon - Wikipedia (


13 Types of Surgeons: Dissecting the Differences

There are a lot of career options for aspiring physicians. Take a look at these 13 different types of surgeons to learn more. (


Surgeon  (


What Is a Surgeon?

Surgeons are doctors who specialize in treating conditions that require surgery. Learn more about what surgeons do and when you might need to see one. (


What does a surgeon do? - CareerExplorer

All surgeons are physicians, but not all physicians are surgeons! (


Surgeons, Except Ophthalmologists (


American College of Surgeons

The American College of Surgeons is dedicated to improving the care of the surgical patient and to safeguarding standards of care in an optimal and ethical practice environment. (


Physicians and Surgeons: Occupational Outlook Handbook: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Physicians and surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses and address health maintenance. (

Mathematician Job Description

Mathematician Job DescriptionMathematicians tackle tough problems in mathematics and other fields like physics, engineering or finance. Mathematicians are responsible for tackling the toughest problems in mathematics and other disciplines like…

Optometrist Job Description

Optometrist Job DescriptionOne of the eye care professions is an optometrist, who manages vision problems and other issues related to the eyes. Optometrists are not just prescription eyeglasses dispensers. They…

Computer Systems Analyst Job Description

Computer Systems Analyst Job Description A computer systems analyst, also called a computer scientist or engineer, is someone who develops, designs and tests computers. A computer systems analyst develops, designs…